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Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a gradual infection of the gums and the supporting bone. It is caused when build up of plaque on and around the teeth calcifies into tartar. Some patients build this plaque and tarter more rapidly than others which results in cleanings 3-4 times a year. This is in order to maintain good oral health.

If periodontal disease is untreated, the risk of tooth loss is much greater.

Advanced Periodontal Care:

If the stage of periodontal disease is too advanced, most likely the patient is referred to a gum specialist. This specialist provides advanced gum care, including deep cleanings, localized antibiotics, home care and regular follow-ups.

Gum Care

My gums bleed when I brush or floss. Is this normal?

Healthy tissues don’t usually bleed. Most likely this is a sign of early gingivitis. If the gums bleed more than normal, then see us to review proper brushing and flossing techniques. It’s best to schedule an appointment with the hygienist to evaluate your soft tissue. This may include x-rays and a prophylaxis cleaning. Bleeding gums must be taken seriously because if this is left untreated, it can lead to periodontal disease.

How often should I have my teeth cleaned?

People accumulate plaque at different rates. Most insurance plans cover cleanings twice in a calendar year. It’s recommended that your teeth get cleaned professionally as often as the doctors and the hygienist advise, even if it’s every 3 or 4 months. This is recommended in order to maintain good oral health.

Tooth Care

Perio / Cardiovascular / Diabetes Research

The interconnected nature of periodontal disease, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and diabetes is supported by such a large volume of research that it CANNOT BE IGNORED.

Periodontitis has significant infectious and chronic inflammatory components. Chronic inflammation is a primary causative agent in CVD. Chronic inflammation increases insulin resistance, which worsens glycemic control. Insulin resistance is the biggest root cause of atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis is the kickoff event for heart attacks and strokes.

Taken from: The Oral-Systemic Connection – Richard H. Nagelberg, DDS.

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